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ING SCHOOL ^
J 899 1900
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Young Men's Christian Association
I 898 -I 899
With Prospectus for 1899 -1900
Regular meetings of the Trustees on the third Wednesdays
of September and March, and on the fourth Friday in June.
Annual meeting of the Corporation on the fourth Friday in
School financial year, September 1 to August 31.
September 27 — Wednesday .
November 29 — Dec. 4 . .
December 22 — Friday
Beginning of Fall Term
. Ending of Fall Term
January 3- — Wednesday .... Beginning of Winter Term
March IT — Saturday Ending of Winter Term
March 20- — 22 . . . . New England Secretaries' Conference
(at the Dormitory Building)
March 28 — Wednesday .... Beginning of Spring Term
June 22 — Friday Commencement Exercises
September 26 — Wednesday . . . Beginning of Fall Term
For information concerning the School, apply to President
L. L. Doggett.
The names of the Trustees are italicized.
Australia, N. S. W., Sidney, David Walker
" Victoria, Melbourne, H. A. Wilcox
France, Paris, E. Buscarlet
Germany, Berlin, Count Andreas Bernstorff
England, London, M. H. Hodder
W. H. Mills
Scotland, Glasgow, W. M. Oatts
«« Portobello, R. H. Smith
Hawaii, Honolulu, Hon. Henry Waterhouse
Ireland. Belfast. Robert McCann
India, Madras, W. Reierson Arbuthnot
" " David McConaughy, Jr.
|apan, Tokio, John T. Swift
South Africa, Adams, Natal, George B. Cowles
Sweden, Stockholm, Baron Edward Barnekow
Switzerland, Geneva, Rev. Gustave Tophel
Manitoba, Winnipeg, R.J. Whitla
" " T. D. Patton
Nova Scotia, Halifax, E. W. Gorton
Ontario, Toronto, F. M. Pratt
•« " Thomas S. Cole
•' " Robert Kilgour
quebec, Montreal, D. A, Budge
" George Reid
D. W. Ross
F. W. Kelley,
Alabama, Birmingham, Jas. Bowron
" " Joseph Hardy
California, Oakland, Noel H.Jacks
" San Francisco, H. J. McCoy
Colorado, Denver, Donald Fletcher
" Jas. Naismith
Connecticut, Bridgeport, J. W. Cook
" " Frank Russell, D. D.
" Hartford, Henry Roberts
New Britain, F. G. Piatt
" New Haven, W. G. Lotze
" Norwich, E. A. Prentice
Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown
A. A. Stagg
" Robt. Weidensall
Indiana. Richmond, Albert G. Shepard
" Indianapolis, T. A. Hildreth
Iowa, Des Moines, W. A. Magee
" " E. D. Sampson
Kansas, Topeka, R. B. Gemmell
Kentucky. Louisville, J. L. Wheat
Maryland, Baltimore. VV. H. Morriss
" Hagerstown, R. S. Crawford
Massachusetts, Amherst. Merrill E. Gates
" Boston, R. M. Armstrong
W. E. Col ley
" " II. S. Conant
O. H. Durrell
Charles A. Hop kins
G. W. Mehaffey
H. M. Moore
Campello, Preston />, Keith
" Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick
T. E. McDonald
" Lynn, George E. Day
" Manchester. Russell Sturgis
" Nantucket, E. A. Lawrence
Springfield, Dr. W. F. Andrews
Fred W. Atkinson
T. M. Ball let
11 Charles H. Barrovjs
" H. //. Bowman
" J. T. Bowne
" Geo. D. Chamberlain
L. L. Doggett
Luther Gulick, M. D.
l< ,/, L. Johnson
" Henry S. Lee
" " John McFethries
Massachusetts, Springfield, Arthur G. Merriam
Rev. D. A. Reed
" " C. H. Southworth
" Wilbraham, W. R. Newhall
" Worcester, Wm . Woodward
Michigan, Detroit, C. M. Copeland
H. G. Van Tuyl
Minnesota, St. Paul, Thomas Cochran
Missouri, Kansas City, Witten McDonald
" " G. H. Winslow
'• St. Louis, George T. Coxhead
" " Thomas S. McFheeters
New Hampshire, Concord, Allen Folder
" Portsmouth, F. W. Teague
New Jersey, Morristown, A. W. Lunbeck
" Newark, Aaron Carter
" New Brunswick, Frank L. Janezvay
Plainfield, C. VV. McCutchen
" " VV. D. Murray
" Summit, Charles B. Grant
New York, Addison, Burton G. Winton
" Albany, Clarence Valentine
" Brooklyn, F. B. Pratt
" " F. B. Schenck
" Ed lain F. See
" Buffalo, Henry Bond
" " S. M. Clement
" Geneva, T. C. Maxwell
" Jamestown, W. A. Keeler
" Medina, W. A. Bowen
New York, Frederick Billings
" Cephas Brainerd
" " Thomas K. Cree
C. C. Cuyler
H. D. Dickson
" " F. S. Goodman
Edxvin J. Gillies
" George A. Hall
" " Walter II uiihson
Richard C. Morse
" " J. Gardner Smith, M. D.
" " Erskine Uhl
" George A. Warburton
" " A.J. D. VVedemeyer
L. "D. Wishard
" Rochester. Rev. john H. Elliot
Troy, C. W. Dietrich
" //. G. Ludlozv
No. Carolina, Davidson College. Prof. H. L. Smith
Ohio, Cincinnatti. H. P.Lloyd
" Cleve-land, F. E. Barton
A. D. Hatfield
G. K. ShurtlefY
Dayton. G. N. Bierce
Pennsylvania, Erie, C. W. Davenport
" Philadelphia, |ohn H. Converse
11 " Thos. DeWitt Cuyler
" Pittsburg, S. P. Harbison
" " Benjamin Thaw
" Scranton, H. M. Boies
C. H. Zehnder
South Carolina, Charleston, A. T.Jamison
" Columbia A. T. Smvthe
Tennessee, Chattanooga, J. B. Milligan
" Knoxville, James II. Cowan
Nashville, J. B. O' Mryan
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Hardie
" Fort Worth. William C. Winthrop
" Galveston, 11. L. Smith
V'ermont, Brattleboro, J.J. Estey
" Burlington, W. ]. Van Patten
" Montpelier, A.J.Howe
Virginia, Richmond, Joseph Bryan
" L. A. Cou'l ter
Washington, Seattle, E. C. Kilbournc
OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES, \ 898 -\ 899
L. L. DOGGETT, Ph.D. . . . Springfield, Mass.
PRESTON B. KIETH .... Campello, Mass.
H. H. BOWMAN, .... Springfield, Mass.
Re co rding Se creta ry
J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass.
DR. W. F. ANDREWS . . . Springfield, Mass.
F. G. PL ATT . . . . ' . New Britain, Conn.
With the Treasurer, ex officio
JOHN McFETHRIES .... Springfield, Mass.
GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN . . Springfield, Mass.
J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass.
Pi fiance Committee
H. S. LEE Springfield, Mass.
C. A. HOPKINS Boston, Mass.
PRESTON B. KIETH .... Campello, Mass.
With the Treasurer, ex officio
Committee on Instructioii
FRED W. ATKINSON .... Springfield, Mass.
W. R. NEWHALL .... Wilbraham, Mass.
T. M. BALLIET Springfield, Mass.
F. B. PRATT ... . Brooklyn, N. Y.
H. M. MOORE Boston, Mass.
ERSKINE UHL New York City
R. C. MORSE New York City
Sub- Coinmittee o?z Physical Course
T. M. BALLIET Springfield, Mass.
F. B. PRATT Brooklyn, N. Y.
R. C. MORSE . . . . . . New York City
ERSKINE UHL, Secretary . . . New York City
LUTHER GULICK, M. D., Executive Sec'y Springfield, Mass.
L. L. DOGGETT, Ph.D., President 20 Westford Avenue
History amd Organizatio?t of the Young A fen's Christian
J. T. BOWNE . . . .121 Northampton Avenue
Librarian aitd Instructor in Association ^Methods
LUTHER GULICK, M. D., . . . 250 Aklen Street
Director of Physical Course and Instructor in History and
Philosophy of Physical Training
F. N. SEERLEY, M. D. . . . 1 So Westford Avenue
Physiology and Psychology
H. M. BURR . . . . 159 Princeton Street
Christ ia?i History and Sociology
JAMES H. McCURDY, M. D. . . 30S Eastern Avenue
Applied Physiology, Gymnastics and Athletics
W. G. BALL ANTINE, D.D., LL.D. 321 St. James Avenue
FRANCIS REGAL . ... West Springfield
Names arranged according to length of service
GRADUATE CLASS (1899)
Browne, T. J. ('98 S.T.S.)
V >Q7 7 )
Boardman, Charles Augustus
*Bolger, Thomas Fidelis
Braraan, Sidney Thompson
North Adams, Mass.
Buxton, Harrison Hall
Falls Church, Va.
Doolittle, Sherwood Burdett
Mt. Carmel Center. Conn
Foss, Martin Isaac
East Williamson, N. Y.
*Goodale, William Benjamin
Oswego, N. Y.
Kraus, Edward August
New Haven, Conn.
Merritt, Joseph Elbridge
Sherrill, John Hall
Smith, Roy Evelyn
Anagance, N. B.
East Northfield, Mass.
*Baily, Mahlon Gregg
Bennett, William Henry
Booth, Clifford Thurman
Brainard, Thomas Marshall
North Adams, Mass.
Burns, James Alex'r Stead
Halifax, N. S.
Campello, Solone di
Chesley Albert Meatier
Crawford, Meirell Walter
*Downey, Jerry Edward
Hunter, George Higgins
Jewett, Nelson Josiah
Lester, Simon Floyd
Fulton, N. Y.
Mertens William, Frank
Passaic, N. J.
Pearson, William R.
/~i ill « XT ( ■*
(joldsboro, N. L.
*Record, Charles Sturges
Saratoga Springs, N . l
Saunders, Walter Warren
Simons, John Franklin
Swan, Horace Cheney
Vaughan, Harlan d
Von den Steinen, Edward
White, Robert Seaman
New Haven, Conn,
Wittig, Richard Leonhard
JUNIOR CLASS (1901)
Angell, Emmet Dunn
Mooers, N. Y.
Cross, Albert Leon
Dame, Harry Austin
Dillon, William Stanley
Fay, Paul Warner
Oneida, N. Y.
*Howe, Forest Winslow
North Thetford, Vt
Lawrence, James Allison
Petitcodiac, N. B.
McLaughlin, Clarence Ambrose
Rochester, N. Y.
Marnie, George MacDonald
Miller, Daniel Campbell
New Haven, Conn.
Pinckney, David Alfred C.
Yarmouth, N. S.
Robinson, Edgar Munroe
Sawyer, Joseph Harrison
Nashua, N. H.
Sullivan, Jack Eastland
Willis, Eugene Stoddard
New Haven, Conn.
Woods, John Earl
Nashua, N. H.
♦Partial Course; S, Secretarial Course; P, Physical Course; E, Educa-
This School aims to equip young men for the offices of Gen-
eral Secretary, Physical Director and Educational Director in the
the Young Men's Christian Association. Christian young men
desiring to fit themselves for the directorship of college gymna-
siums are also admitted.
The rapid extension of the Association movement between
1870 and 1880, the erection of large buildings, and the marked
increase in the size of individual Associations created a demand for
In connection with this growing demand for men there has
been a corresponding advance in the requirements.
Another important development is the call which has come
from foreign lands. Secretaries of the Associations in Paris,
Koine, Basil and other fields, on the continent of Europe
have been trained at this School.
It was in response to such appeals that this institution was
founded by Rev. David Allen Peed, in Springfield, Mass., in
1885, in connection with the School for Christian Workers. In
1887 the department for physical training, which has prepared
a large proportion of the physical directors now in the work, was
established. In 1890, as the result of a demand from the Asso-
ciations, the institution was separately incorporated as the Inter-
national Young Men's Christian Association Training School.
The following year a desirable property, consisting of thirtv
acres of ground, bordering on Massasoit Lake, was purchased, and
after an heroic effort funds were secured for a model gymnasium
and athletic field. The pressing need of a dormitory and recita-
tion hall was satisfied by the erection of the present attractive
headquarters of the institution in 1895, giving the School a prop-
erty valued at $100,000.
Along with this external development there has been a less
public but even more important internal evolution. A carefully
shaped curriculum, extending over three years course of study
and a competent faculty of specialists is the result.
In 1896 a committee of the trustees revised and unified the
work of the institution.
There are two conceptions of a technical school. One, that
the instructors should he men who, though devoting their chief
energy to the work of their profession, are willing to take part
of their time to meet students and direct their study. This
method of imparting instruction was formerly almost universal.
It has been as generally abandoned. In the trades, it was called
the apprentice system. Young men were bound out to master
workmen of varying degrees of ability, who taught them simply
to do as their fathers had done. This has been succeeded in
Europe, and more recently in America, by the trades schools and
industrial institutes, which not only teach better, but are con-
stantly leading in improved methods of work. In the professions
the development has been almost parallel. Formerly a student
of law, medicine, or divinity was placed under the charge of a
member of the profession he was seeking to enter. The lawyer
directed the reading of the law student, took him to court, and
otherwise guided his work. But this method of professional
preparation has been ahandoned in Europe, and is fast passing
here. It has been found that preparation for a life work is of
such vital moment that it cannot be left to the casual hours of men
who give their chief thought and energy elsewhere.
But more important than this, the most successful schools
are those which devote the greatest care to fundamental studies
and principles, and only give actual work sufficient to illustrate
these principles and secure the necessary skill. A man will have
opportunity to gain experience all his life, but he is not likely to
master the principles of his calling after entering upon it.
Actual experience gives precedents, rather than guiding
principles. This higher conception of a technical institution is
an historical development.
The technical and professional schools to-day aim also, both to
train men and to advance the particular calling of which they
are a part.
The Training School is built upon such a conception, and
its history has already shown the wisdom of this policy. Tts
leadership in physical education, and its contribution to associ-
ation literature and methods have given it a prominent place. In
its early days, the trustees were compelled to employ men who
gave only part of their time to teaching. It has greatly increased
the efficiency of the School to have a faculty of specialists who
devote their whole endeavor to its interests.
The Dormitory building, which at present is used also for
recitations, library, and offices, is an attractive four-story brick
structure, overlooking Massasoit Lake. The first floor contains
tlie lecture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room," the
reading room, library and offices.
The three upper floors contain two class rooms, sleeping-
rooms for sixty-four students, and on the fourth floor a dining
hall and kitchen. Each floor is provided with lavatories and
baths. In the basement there are large rooms for chemical, phys-
ical and physiological laboratories, a bicycle room and store room,
besides the furnace and engine rooms.
The School possesses a model gymnasium for physical train-
ing, with a floor 48 x 74, free from posts, having the usual appa-
ratus, and in addition, Swedish boms, hand ball court, class
climbing ropes, seven needle baths with hot and cold water,
lockers 18 x 18 x 48 inches with combination locks, class rooms
and examining rooms.
The athletic grounds cover six acres, with ball field, quarter-
mile running and bicycle track, tennis courts, etc.
Through the courtesy of the Secretary of War, the School
now has the privilege of the use of Massasoit Lake for aquatics.
The School possesses a flue fleet of boats, which are admirably
adapted for this purpose.
Workshops for industrial training, consisting of a pattern
making room, forging room or blacksmith shop, machine room,
and engine room, have been fitted up in the basement of ti e
BUILD JN(i OF THE SPRINGFIELD ASSOCIATION
BUILDING OF THE HOLYOKE ASSOCIATION
The School library contains 3000 books and over 4,200 pam-
phlets, the latter being one of the best collections of the publica-
tions of the Young Men's Christian Association and kindred
organizations to be found. Through the efforts of one of the
Faculty during the past twelve years, an unequalled collection
of works on Physical Training has been secured for the School.
The reference library is open to the students at all times, and the
lending section from 9 a. m. to 6 p. m. The reading room, always
open, has on file two dailies, seventeen weeklies, fifty-one month-
lies, and three quarterlies.
In addition, the students have access to the Bowne Histori-
cal Library, the largest collection of books, pamphlets and manu-
scripts bearing on work for young men in existence ; also to the
Springfield Public Library of 101,000 volumes, now ranking the
eighth among the great circulating libraries of this country.
The School stands for the most thorough practical, as well
as theoretical training. The opportunities for participating in
the various phases of work for young men are abundant. The
Holyoke Association, within easy reach of the School, has one of
the most successful works in a manufacturing community of
45,000 people. The Central Association at Springfield has a
splendidly equipped building with all modern facilities. Several
Associations in smaller towns can be reached in a short time by
SECRETARIAL AND EDUCATIONAL COURSE
SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR
Hist, of Ph.
SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR
P. Tr. Hist.
The curriculum falls into two divisions: 1. The General Course, embrac-
ing studies which underlie the work of an Association officer, and which are
pursued by all students. 2. The Technical Courses, which give the knowledge
and training for the particular department of work which the student expects
L GENERAL COURSE.
This course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, seeks to fit
students to be leaders in spiritual work. It seeks to train each student to lead
young men to Jesus Christ, and to teach the Bible. It aims to acquaint him
with the Young Men's Christian Association and its field. It also seeks to
broaden his intellectual horizon, to promote mental discipline, and to famil-
iarize him with the problems which a leader in Christian work will meet in
practical life. It falls into five divisions : 1. Biblical Course. 2. Historical
Course. 3. Psychology. 4. Course in English and Vocal Music. 5. Con-
ventions and Lectures. 6. Graduate Course. Attention is called to the fact
that the Institution now offers graduate work in all departments. One stu-
dent has during the past year completed the Graduate Physical Course and
several have been accepted for the coming year.
J. BIBLICAL COURSE.
(1) The Bible. (Dr. Ballantine, Middle and Senior years, five hours per
week.) An essential of spiritual leadership is a knowledge of the Scriptures.
This is fundamental in the preparation for any position in the Associations.
It is the aim of the institution that every student who enters its ranks shall
gain a knowledge of the Bible, and it is believed that the course here offered
will prove attractive, not only to men who are preparing, but to men already
in the service who may desire a course of special Bible study. Two years are
devoted to a study of the text, one being given to the Old Testament and one
to the New Testament. The student is expected to read each book in accord-
ance with the directions of the instructor, to recite upon its facts and ideas in
the class room, and to take notes of familiar lectures upon it. There are no
formal lectures upon Biblical introduction and theology, but the topics com-
monly treated under those heads are incidently brought to the student's
attention while he is engaged upon the several books inductively. By the
method used, the student gains from his own investigations a direct and
comprehensive knowledge of each book in the Bible and of each Testament as
a whole. The main outlines of the progress of Hebrew civilization and
history, and of divine revelation, are fixed in his mind. He attains a knowl-
edge not of proof texts, but of connected series of events and inspired argu-
ments and chains of thought. In the unity of a total impression, the strength
of every part is assured.
In this way not only are the contents of Scripture mastered, but the mind
is trained in the preparation of Gospel addresses, etc., and the inner spiritual
life is quickened through the truth. It will be readily seen that this course
does not aim to give courses that can be reproduced in the local associations,
but to give a comprehensive study of the entire body of the Scriptures, which
will enable the student to lay out courses himself as may be necessary.
(2) The Training Classes. (Dr. Doggett, Junior and Senior years, one hour
per week. Dr. Seerley, Middle year, one hour per week.) These classes have
an intimate relation to the practical Christian work of the students during
their entire course. The Junior and Middle years are devoted to the study of
methods for dealing with individuals. The great questions of regeneration
and the use of the Bible with the unsaved form the subject matter of this
study. In the Senior year this hour is devoted to the study of the use of the
Bible in public. Attention is given to the preparation of Gospel addresses,
Bible studies and the best methods of teaching Bible classes.
2. HISTORICAL COURSE.
(1) The History of Christianity and Christian Civilization. (Mr. Burr, Junior
year, five hours per week.) It is the aim of this course to familiarize the
student with the great movements in the development of Christianity and
Christian civilization. The first term is devoted to the study of early and
medieval Christianity, the second term to the Reformation and the Protestant
movement in Europe, and the third term to the movement in America and the
history of missions.
The work is carried on by lectures, carefully prepared courses of reading,
and text books for special periods and topics. Special emphasis is laid on the
courses of reading and topical study, so that the student becomes familiar with
the masterpieces of historical literature. Recent additions to the department
of history in the School library will facilitate the work very much.
Students are expected to own " The History of the Christian Church," by
(2) Association History. (Dr. Doggett, Middle year, three hours per week.)
The aim of this course is to acquaint all students with the history and develop-
ment of this great movement. Careful attention is given to the forces in the
church, and the conditions of social life which made such a movement neces-
sary. The association is studied, not as a local or national, but as a world-wide
endeavor. In the first period, 1844 to 1855, especial attention is given to the
London work and its formative influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878,
recognition of the leadership of the American work requires especial attention
to the movement on this continent. In the third period, 1878 to 1897, more
attention is given to the spread of the movement throughout the world. This
course studies the development of the Association, its organization and polity,
and the fixed principles which govern its operation and its relation to the
(2) Psychology. (Dr. Seerley, Middle year, two terms, five hours per
week.) This course immediately follows physiology and is a study of the
intellectual man, keeping strictly in mind the relations to other phases of
activity, both physical and spiritual.
The subject is considered under four heads :
(a) The physical basis of mind.
(b) The conditions for effective mental activity.
(c) The faculties of mind.
(d) The operations of mind.
The first comprises a study of the brain and its functions, the organs of
special sense, sensation, habit, and such other subjects as properly belong
under physiological psychology. Much that is often considered under the
title of personal purity and allied subjects is considered under this head.
The second head comprises a study of consciousness, attention and habit,
and an attempt is made to present them in away most practical to students
engaged in the study of young men.
" Under the " faculties of mind " are studied the intellect, sensibilities and
will, with an endeavor to discover the laws underlying the growth and develop-
ment of the mind. This is likewise presented in a practical way, aiming to
discover how character is built, first, for the student's own good, and second,
to equip him with knowledge essential to leadership.
The fourth head includes the operations of acquisition, or the acquiring
of knowledge, with the processes of assimilation, or the making over of the
acquired material, depositing it as a part of one's own character, and the
reproduction or the expression of the character to others.
4. COURSE IN ENGLISH AND VOCAL MUSIC.
(1) English. (Mr. Regal, Junior year, five hours per week.) The ability
to use the English language is of the utmost importance. Few men achieve
such excellence in English but that they covet the opportunity for further
study. Throughout the course students are required to present papers and
essays in different branches, which are revised and criticised by instructors.
In the Junior year, three hours weekly is given to the study of English and
models of English literature, and two hours weekly to composition.
Particular attention is given to public speaking in connection with the
Literary Society, under the leadership of one of the members of the Faculty.
All Middlers and Seniors are expected to participate. The Literary Society
meets on alternate weeks through the year.
(2) Vocal Music. One hour per week in the Junior year is given to chorus
work under a competent director. This course aims: (a) To acquaint the
student with the gospel music which has been adapted to male voices, (b) To
teach how to sing this music, (c) To teach the reading of easy music, (d) To
fit the student for leading the music at a men's gospel meeting.
5. CONVENTIONS AND LECTURES.
(1) Conventions. The School aims, through conventions and conferences, to
bring the students into touch with the current affairs of the association. Dur-
ing the past year, at the invitation of the Massachusetts State Committee, the
School attended in a body the State Convention held at Lynn. During March
the New England Secretaries' Conference held its session for three days at the
School Dormitory, affording the students an opportunity to come into close
touch with association life. The Conference has accepted the invitation of
the trustees to hold its meeting for 1900 also at the School.
(2) Lectures. One of the most helpful means of bringing the students into
touch with the active work of the association is found in the lectures which
from time to time are given by association leaders and others. During the
past year among others the following have been delivered: S. M. Safford,
Boston, "The Higher Life;" Ed. F. See, Brooklyn, "The Inspirational and
the Mechanical Employee;" L. W. Messer, Chicago, "New Methods of
Religious Work;" J. W. Cook, Bridgeport, " The Bible Study Department;"
Dr. Ph. S. Moxom, Springfield, "Specialization and a Literal Training;"
J. F. Moore, New York, " The Railroad Department "
6. GRADUATE WORK.
Graduates of the School, or those having done an equivalent elsewhere,
will be allowed to pursue advanced work under one of the instructors. The
aim shall be in each case to do work of an original character. This work shall
be embodied in a thesis which shall be the property of the School.
II. TECHNICAL COURSES.
During the Junior year students pursue chiefly the general course, but
from that time on, while a part of the time of each day is occupied with the
general course, an increasing proportion of the students' time is put into
special technical study in the departments to which they intend to devote
U THE SECRETARIAL AND EDUCATIONAL COURSE.
This course is the result of over fourteen years of experience and testing.
It is adapted to teach the student both the science and the art of the secre-
taryship and the educational directorship. Much of its success depends upon
the personal of its faculty, but the following outline is suggestive.
This course is arranged in recognition of the unity of man's threefold
nature, with the conviction that the religion of Jesus Christ is adapted to
redeem man in his entirety — body, mind and spirit.
(1) Physiology. (Dr. Seerley, Junior year, five hours per week.) This
study begins with a course of lectures, calculated to show man's place in the
universe, including the unorganized and organized world, and to put him into
relation with these.
A study of the body is then begun with the most simple analysis into
trunk, limbs, head, and all that can be readily observed.
This naturally leads to the study of the mechanics of the body. Then, by
means of dissection of animals in the laboratory, we discover the different
systems making up the body (muscular, osseous, nervous, etc.), and the organs
associated in forming the apparatuses (circulatory, digestive, respiratory,
The student then picks out the muscles and names them, assisted by
charts, demonstrations and experiments; the bones, naming and classifying
them, aided by the skeleton. Bone, muscle, nerve, etc., are then studied as
regards function, structure and relations.
In the same way every organ composing the several apparatuses is
minutely studied till a complete analysis results.
He then collects and combines all the physiological properties possessed
by all the tissues, and discovers that the original cell, from which developed
this complex structure by the process of differentiation, possessed all these
A study of the growth and development of the body then naturally follows.
Careful study is then given to the external and internal conditions which
tend to promote health in this complex structure, as well as the best thing to
do in case an injury should occur to any part of it.
2. THE YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION.
(Mr. Bowne, Senior year, four hours per week.)
The Field and its Limits. The work, why needed. A definite work by and
for young men. The aim distinctively religious. Relation to the church.
Relation to other religious societies.
The Organization. When and how to organize. The constitution. Branches
and sub-organizations. The directors and officers.
The Membership. Classes. How to secure members. The membership
committee. How to retain members. Development of active members. The
associate membership and its relations.
The General Secretary. His relation to churches and pastors, to officers,
directors and committees, to other employees, to the business community, to
his fellow secretaries. Accepting a call. Beginning work. Correspondence.
System. Statistics. Studying human nature. Dress, Conversation. Econ-
omy. Health Growth — spiritually, intellectually and socially. Securing
and training employed officers — demand and supply, methods of training.
The Association Home. Advantages of owning a building, location, arrange-
ment, construction, equipment. The care of the home — repairs and safety,
order and cleanliness. How to get a building — preparatory work, the canvass,
cautions. The building movement, its beginning and growth.
The Business Management. Current finances — the annual budget, income,
solicitation, collection, and disbursement, financial booking. Real estate and
endowment funds — incorporation, trustees, endowment, debt, taxes, insurance,
leases. Records and advertising — recording statistics, anniversaries, parlor
conferences, printed matter, the bulletin, annual reports.
The Religious Department. The Bible in Association Work : Individual
study — objects, methods and helps; class study — a Bible class indispensable,
relation of the general secretary, beginners' advanced and training classes,
true place and appliances, the teacher, the class, the topics, preparing th
lesson, teaching the lesson. Practical work with the unconverted — personal
work, the evangelistic Bible class, the Bible in the evangelistic meeting;
Bible readings. Religious meetings, etc. — the evangelistic meeting, other
meetings at the rooms ; meetings outside the rooms — in boarding houses, in
public institutions; sermons to young men; distribution of religious reading
matter; the invitation committee.
The Educational Department. The reading room —furniture, supervision,
papers, and periodicals. The library — its importance and place in the associa
tion, how to develop, apartments and furniture, management, selecting and
buying books, classification, cataloguing, shelf listing, binding and repairing,
advertising, registration and charging, reference books, courses of reading,
aids to readers. Educational classes — the need, branches taught, adaptation,
thoroughness, frequency of sessions, instructors' class rooms, examinations.
Literary societies, etc. — value, various forms of organization and work, how
supervised. Lectures and talks — the use and abuse of lectures, home talent,
practical talks. The educational director — qualifications, work and rela-
The Physical Department. Aim of the department — health, education,
recreation. Conditions under which a physical department should be organ-
ized. Scientific equipment and methods — examinations, statistics, prescrip-
tion of exercise. Practical equipment and methods — location and arrangement
of gymnasium, bath and dressing rooms, outfit, methods. Outdoor work. The
physical director. The department committee.
Note. For extensions of the theory and practice of physical work, see
The Social Department. The reception Committee. The social rooms.
The Department of Information and Relief. Boarding houses. Employ-
ment bureau. Savings bureau. Benefit fund. Visiting the sick. Destitute
The Boys' Department. Necessity, aim and benefit. Organization and
relationships. Different classes of boys. Supervision. Methods and agen-
cies — religious, educational, physical and social.
The Work among Special Classes of Men. College students — history ,
organization, methods, outgrowths. Railroad men— history, aim and benefits,
organizations and finance, rooms and methods. Commercial travelers — the
field, work and agencies. Other nationalities and races — the field, the Ger-
man work, the colored work, etc. Miscellaneous classes — soldiers and sailors,
mutes, lumbermen, firemen, street car employees, etc.
Women's Work for Young Men. Organization and methods.
State and Provincial Work. The state committee. Finances. The state
secretary. The state convention — preparatory work by the state committee,
preparatory work by the local association, at the convention. The district
work — the committee, conferences, intervisitation, corresponding members.
The relation of the local association and secretary to the general work of
supervision and extension.
The American International Work. History and organization. The field.
The work — supervision and extension, correspondence, publications, securing
and training employed officers, aid to building enterprises, aid in securing
funds, aid to state and other conventions, help in disaster. Secretaries of the
committee. International finances. International conventions. Day and
week of prayer. Work among young men in foreign lands — policy, relation-
The World's Alliance. History, organization and work.
Text Book. " Handhook of the History, Organization and Methods of
Work of Young Men's Christian Associations — Edition of 1892." This book
was prepared primarily for the use of this School.
3. SEMINARY WORK.
(Dr. Doggett, Senior year.) The object of this course is to study at
first hand the documentary sources of the Young Men's Christian Association,
and to learn the art of original investigation. A rich and unworked field is
presented to the student in the many undeveloped themes in association his-
tory and by its unsolved problems. During the Middle year students in the
secretarial and educational courses study themes akin to their departments.
In the Senior year a thesis is prepared upon a theme agreed upon by the
student and instructor.
Students in the seminary meet weekly for a two-hours' session in the
class room, and are expected to devote two hours daily during the Senior
year to research. The historical and physical libraries available to students
make this work of great value.
Students who desire to prepare a thesis upon a theme in the Bible or in
sociology, will be permitted to do so.
(Mr. Burr. Senior year, two terms, five hours per week.) The aim of the
course is to familiarize the student with the most serious economic and
social problems which he will meet in his work, and the fundamental
economic and social laws which must be recognized in all reform
The first term will be devoted to Economic Instruction, and the study
of social economic problems such as, " Social and Economic Inequality,"
"The Labor Problem," "Characteristics of Modern Industry and Com-
merce," " Industrial Combinations," " Industrial Control," "Individualism
vs. Socialism," etc.
The second and third terms will be devoted to Sociology proper, and to a
study of the constitution of society, of social laws and forces, and social
ideals. Especial emphasis is laid on the relation of the family to the social
organism, and to the law of association.
Field Work in Sociology. Four hours a week during the first two terms of
the senior year will be devoted to special study of the social and religious life
of the young men of Springfield. The " Leisure Time of the Young Men " will
be the special topic for this year. A careful investigation will be made of
various recreative occupations. Each student will take a special line of
investigation, the results of which will be preserved in permanent form.
(Senior year, one term, five hours per week.) "Moral Science," by Prof.
Fairchild, will be used as a text book. The subject will be taken up from the
standpoint of modern psychology.
(Dr, Seerley, Middle year, one term, five hours per week.) Here study is
given to the curves which show the relative development of the acquisitive,
the assimilative, and the expressive powers at different ages; those showing
relative emphasis on the work to be done, and those showing relative empha-
sis in instructing, developing and training the mind.
The student thus arrives at the principles of method, which form the
basis for applied pedagogy in the different courses.
Unusual opportunities are offered for the practical work, and for getting
an inside view of association management. The Holyoke and Springfield
Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large memberships, furnish
every facility to see and participate in the various phases of association
work. Through the Student Association, this activity has been developed
into a three years'graded course. One of the most helpful experiences of the
past year was a four days' tour by the Seniors of the associations at New
Haven, Bridgeport, Brooklyn, New York City, and the offices of the State
and International Committees at New York. By pre-arrangement, from one-
half hour to an hour was spent with the man in charge of each of .the
departments visited. Eleven associations were studied, and addresses and
papers given to the class by fifty-three different association employees.
All are given practice in using the library; in preparing reports of com-
mittees, minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers'
copy and proof reading, and are expected to attend each year at least two
Frequent delegations of students are assigned to conduct services for
young men in neighboring towns and villages.
Physical Training. Every secretary is given a thorough course in physical
training. A complete description of this course is given on pages (28) and (30).
Organization of the Physical Departmerit. See page (31).
8. EDUCATIONAL COURSE.
Opportunity will be given students, who wish to fit themselves as Edu-
cational Directors, to make a special study of this field. In connection with
the seminary, thesis work will be given upon themes allied to this depart-
ment. A course of lectures by men engaged in this service lias been
arranged which will give a comprehensive view of the problems and work of
this department. Each student will be expected to teach one or more evening
classes per week in one of the local Associations and to serve in connection
with the Committees in the educational department.
Work in pedagogy will be given by Dr. Seerley and a thorough study of
the social problems confronting the educational department will be made
under the direction of Mr. Burr. A complete study of methods, including the
library, the literary society and educational classes, will be given by
Director of Physical Course, Dr. Luther Gulk k.
Object. To furnish " normal Christian physical education " to those pre-
paring to become directors of the physical work of the Young Men's Chris-
tian Associations, or of colleges.
The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able to
make an intelligent examination of the person who comes to him for advice;
that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food,
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and, in general, all those topics which are
related to " living at one's best:" to put men into the condition of highest
vitality and effectiveness in any line, is his first work. He must take into
account the intimate relationships existing between body aud mind, and
must understand their mutual effects. He must know how to prescribe
exercise for the diseased who are often sent to him by physicians. He must
be able to make his gymnasium a place of real recreation as well as of
To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He must
know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of any
physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the fundamental
relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his bodily,
mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know what to do
incase of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be able to make an
intelligent examination of the heart, lungs, and other organs (physical
examination), He must know how to measure and test men, and how to
study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). He must know
how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gymnastics sent to
him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must have at his service
the experience of those of the past (history, literature, philosophy of physi-
cal training). He must be perfectly familiar with all the work which he is
to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics, games, sports, etc.). He
must be familiar with details of the management of the physical department
of the institution with which he will probably be connected (physical depart-
ment of a Young Men's Christian Association).
The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the
average man in the associations. Muscular strength and co-ordination are
to be developed only so far as they increase vitality.
Every subject throughout the course is studied and practiced from the
standpoint of its usefulness as a physical or moral agent in the peculiar
conditions obtaining in the Young Men's Christian Associations. Class
rather than individual work, accordingly, is emphasized, and the elements
of recreation and moral discipline are striven for. The work done in the
associations is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for the new
movement rather than for the old. The progression in gymnastics, athlet-
ics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thoroughness. The
course continues for the physical course students during all three years.
The secretarial men will have the first six terms.
The fall course in athletics will consist of events which can be done in
any level field with little expense for the preparation of the grounds.
It is believed many associations refrain from taking up athletics because
they do not know of the excellent sports which require little apparatus.
This course will include field evolution with calisthenics, hare and hound
chases, cross country runs, foot ball, minton and field hockey.
The spring athletic course will take up track and field events. Each student
will be taught the standard events and the best methods of coaching for each.
The track events which are emphasized are the 100-yards dash, 220, 440, 880»
the mile run and hurdling. The field events are pole vaulting, high jumping,
broad jumping, shot putting, and hammer throwing. Instruction is given
during the spring in base ball and golf.
Physical instruction indoors progresses along the following lines: Class
evolutions, calisthenics, games, apparatus exercises, and indoor athletics.
In class evolutions, the marching system by Dr. A. T. Halsted will form
the basis for all work.
Calisthenics will be taught, first, by giving the principal positions derived
from the fundamental standing position and, second, by standard drills with
the dumb-bells, wands, bar bells, and Indian clubs.
Games. Basket ball and volley ball receive due attention, also such gym-
nastic games as circle ball, three-deep, hand wrestling, Indian wrestling, etc.
Apparatus exercises. Instruction is given on the horizontal bar, parallel
bars, German horse, Swedish bom, traveling rings, and pulley weights.
Location. There is no part of the country where athletics are more fos-
tered, where the college athletic teams are better trained, or where the local
Young Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their physical work
than in the associations and colleges of New England.
The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gymna-
siums during their course: The Association Gymnasiums at Worcester, Bos-
ton, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York, — 23d Street, Harlem, Brooklyn.
College Gymnasiums — Harvard, Amherst, Yale, Columbia. Athletic
Clubs — Boston Athletic Club, New York Athletic Club. Normal Schools
of Gymnastics — Boston Normal, Baron Posse, Harvard, Mary Allen, Y. W.
C. A., Dr. Anderson.
From nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained
with so little expenditure of time and money.
The fine building and gymnasium of the local Association afford illustra-
tion of a model work.
The location of the School upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excellent
opportunity for training in aquatics. The school possesses an excellent fleet of
boats for this purpose.
The course in physical training is divided into (1) Theory, and (2) Practice.
(1) Theory. During 1898-99, courses will be offered in physics and chem-
istry. These subjects will be pursued sufficiently to enable the student to
understand the mechanics of the body and the chemistry of digestion.
Anatomy. (Dr. Seerley, three terms, four hours per week.) Gross anatomy
of the body and its parts. The body as a machine. Microscopic anatomy
of the organs of the body. Development of the nervous system.
(2) Practice. (Three terms, two hours per day.) The Junior physical
work is the same for all students.
(a) Field. Instruction is given in field athletics, standing broad and
running high jumps, shot putting, pole vaulting, running, base ball, (batting,
base running, fielding, and team practice), foot ball (ball passing, instruction
in different positions, falling on the ball, and team practice), minton, field
hockey, and cross country running.
(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in plain inarching, special atten-
tion being paid to the best formation for handling large classes. After a study
of the typical gymnastic positions in calisthenic exercises, sample drills are
taught with dumb-bells, heavy Indian clubs, pulley weights and elementary
exercises on the heavy apparatus. Emphasis is laid on the hygienic work,
which permits large classes to be handled effectively. Indoor athletics are
taught during April.
(c) Aquatics. Swimming and diving are taught.
(1) Theory. (Dr. McCurdy, three terms, five hours per week.)
(a) Physiology and Physiology of Exercise. The class will pursue a course
in special physiology based upon the general course of the Junior year (see
page 21). The study of the last term will include an application of the facts
which relate especially to physical training, together with experimental work
upon assigned subjects. Tbe text book for the last term will be the outline
prepared by the student. " Physiology of Exercise," by Lagrange, and " Physi-
cal Education," by Treves will be reviewed.
(b) Genetic Psychology. (One term, five hours per week.) The object of the
course is to acquaint the student with the general idea of growth and develop-
ment as applied in a large way to life. The method will involve a large
amount of reading of the standard books on evolutionary discussion of biologi-
The relationships between the development of the individual and of the
race will be shown in connection with each topic.
(c) History of Physical Training. (Dr. Gulick, three terms, two hours
per week.) Each student in the physical course will make a study of some
special subject and will write upon it. Dr. Gulick will give the following
Greek Period. Ancient funeral games, their extent, range and signifi-
cance. The funeral games over Patroclus; also other references to sport
found in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer. The place of the athletic
games as related to Greek history. Historical development! of the Olympic
games; their leading characteristics, — individual not group. The prize
and honor system, and its effect upon the games. The rise and effect of
professionalism. Greek ideas of exercise as related to health and educa-
tion. Funeral games among the Romans, the rise of the Ludi Gladiatorii,
and the gladiatorial combat. Place, influence, and extent of the Roman
games. The Roman baths. Physical training of the Roman army.
Medieval Period. Estimate placed upon the body by the Latin Fathers
of the church. The divorce between the natural and the spiritual. Early
sports among the Germans as reported by Tacitus. The rise of chivalry.
The knightly tournaments of the Middle ages ; their place, conduct and
The Dawn of the Modern Period. Mercurialis, his book " Di arte
Gymnastica," and the medieval physicians. Place, work, and influence on
physical training of Mulcaster, Locke, Rabelais, Luther, Milton, Fuller,
The Emile — J. J. Rousseau. The influence of Rousseau on, and the
relationships between, Basedon, Salzmann, Vieth, Gutsmuths, Nachtigal,
Jahn, Ling, Beck, Lieber. The influence and Ufa of Gutsmuths, Vieth and
Nachtigal, Friedrieh Ludwig Jahn.
The Modern Period. The development and characteristics of the German
Turners ; their service in the Thirty Years' War. The organization and
conduct of the Turnerbund. The present Turnerschaft, its extent, organiza-
tion and conduct. H. P. Ling and the fundamental characteristics of
the Swedish gymnastics. " The Day's Order " and the " Gymnastic
Progression." Colonel Amoros, and the movement in France. The revival
of interest. The new Olympic games. Baron Pierre de Couljertin. Place
and influence of Delsarte. Play among the Anglo-Saxons. Early sport in
England. The development and influence of group games, as shown by foot
ball. Athletics in the universities and preparatory schools of England.
Early history of foot ball, cricket, golf, lawn tennis.
The American Movement. The first, interest in physical training, Capt.
Partridge. The school at Round Hill, Harvard, Yale. The early manual
training movement in schools. Life and influence of Dio Lewis. The new
movement at Amherst, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Mount Holyoke. The
North American Gymnastic Union. Swedish gymnastics in America.
Normal schools of physical training. The American Association for the
Advancement of Physical Education. The leaders in physical training in
America —Edward Hitchcock, D. A. Sargent, E. M. Hartwell, and others.
The early physical training movement in the Associations. The early
physical directors, Win. Wood, Robert J. Roberts, and their influence. The
Summer Schools and Physical Directors' Conferences. The Pentathlon.
The Indoor Test. The Athletic League. The training Schools. Physical
training papers in English — Physical Educational Review, Mind and Body,
Posse Gymnasium Monthly, Gymnastic and Athletic Review, Physical
Education, The Gymnasium. The Physical Department of the Interna-
(a) Field. Students are taught tennis, foot ball (punting, place, and
drop kicking, tackling bag and team practice), base ball (catching, pitching,
and team practice), and golf. Instruction is given in sprinting, middle
distance running, hop step and jump, broad and high jumping, pole vaulting,
and hammer throwing.
(b) Gymnasium. The class continues the practice of marching begun
in Junior year, supplementing it with fancy marching. The wands and
Indian clubs receive special attention. Intermediate exercises on the heavy
apparatus consist of exercises adapted for leaders and classes in the inter-
mediate grade. The athletic side of gymnastics is pushed, i. e., those
exercises which require strong legs and trunk rather than those which] demand
large arms and shoulders. Athletic instruction is given indoors during
April in starting high jumping, broad jumping, and pole vaulting.
Sociology. (Mr. Burr). Students will take one term of Sociology. (See
Physical Training Seminar. (Dr. Gulick). Once a month there will be
held a seminar on advance work in physical lines. At this time there will be
presented original work done by the faculty, fellows, graduate students, and
undergraduates, and occasionally by other specialists. The seminar will aim
to keep informed of all newer lines of work, publications, experiments, and
the like. It is for all of the students in the physical course — Juniors, Mid-
dlers, as well as Seniors and graduate students.
Each Senior student will prepare a thesis upon some topic related to physi-
cal training. The work shall be done under the direct supervision and
co-operation of one of the instructors.
The title of this thesis shall be engrossed upon his diploma, and ranked
either as satisfactory, worthy of praise, worthy of high praise, or as worthy of
the highest praise.
The two higher grades shall be given only for work that is novel as well as
original. The thesis must be completed before the spring term is begun.
Philosophy of Exercise. (Dr. Gulick). During the year lectures will be
given on the topics in the following list:
The adoption of machinery as affecting the bodily development of the
race. The progressive urbanization of civilized peoples. Urbanization as
related to vitality. Specialization as affecting bodily vigor and development.
The growth of school life as related to health and development. Devices of
the day for increasing the amount of work an individual can do ; the tele-
phone, telegraph, stenographer, mail service, steam, etc. The physical
condition of the young men of the cities. Physical needs as related to stage
of development. Conditions of the Association physical work. '" Function
makes structure " as applied to physical training. Development by inherent
rather than by external power and conditions. Summary of the physiology
of exercise. Muscular as related to psychical force. Exercise as related to
the development of the motor elements of the brain. Neuromuscular fatigue.
Volitional fatigue. Emotional fatigue. Exercise and brain hygiene.
Muscular contraction as an element of thought. The plays of children and
adolescents. The plays of adults. The plays of animals. The phylosophy
of play. Play as related to physical education. The place and limits of
competition in physical training. The place and limits of specialization in
physical training. Track and field sports in physical training. Athletic
games in physical training. Heavy gymnastics in physical training. Calis-
thenics in physical training. The exercise of men in groups. The limitations
of games, competition, athletic records, etc. Characteristics of a day's work
in physical training. Physical work for boys. Summer camps for boys.
The philosophy, place and limitations of medical gymnastics.
Physical Examination. Measurements and prescription of exercise (one
hour per day, one term).
Physical Examination. "Physical Diagnosis," Loomis. Study of the
appearances, conditions, defects, and deformities likely to be met with in the
examining room. Method of examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the
student to assume such responsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical
director, and to protect those who may come under his charge against unwise
exercise and habits of life.
.\[<(tsuring the Body. The recording and tabulation of measurements.
Graphic anthropometry. Ratios of height to weight; weight to strength:
weight to lung capacity. Strength tests.
Prescription of Exercise. The use of exercise as affecting:
Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for their
restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoulders. Aeti-
ology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the trunk. The
building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal curvatures.
Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization. Neuras-
thenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality. Exercise
with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage.
Disease. Congestions; Hernia; Constipation; Cardiac weakness ; Cardiac
insufficiency; Partial paralysis; Indigestion. The writing out of prescrip-
tions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for prescription.
The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in the
treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the general
instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them out effect-
ively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered.
Organization of the Physical Department. (Dr. McCurdy, one term, five
hours per week.) During the spring term the following subjects will be
The Gymnasium. Construction. Equipment. Organization. Advertising
teams, newspaper, prospectus, etc. Gymnastic pedagogy. Gymnastic and
The class studies the construction of the gymnasium, locker rooms, bath
rooms, bowling alleys; also the construction and management of athletic
Under equipment they will study the most approved methods of fitting up
the gymnasium and grounds for physical exercise.
Under organization, the physical department committee and its relation
to the board of directors ; sub-committees ; leaders' corps ; athletic committee ;
outing and Bible study committees.
Advertising the physical department.
Pedagogy consists of a discussion of the common faults in teachers, the
best class formations, the essentials to be considered in the selection of
Under technique will be studied the atlethic and gymnastic rules, the
management of contests, field days, etc.
Practice. (Dr. McCurdy, three terms, two hours per day.) The Seniors'
practice consists of first, normal work ; second, instruction, with special stress
on normal practice.
A regular part of this year's work consists of normal practice in the Asso-
ciation gymnasium, and also in managing the sports and games which are
conducted throughout the year at the School. Each student is required to
arrange courses for different classes, viz., for boys, young men, business men.
Students are expected during the course to visit the large gymnasiums of
either Boston or New York, and that of either Harvard, Yale, or Amherst;
also to attend each year two conventions, one of the Young Men's Christian
Association and the other of the American Association for the Advancement
of Physical Education.
(a) Field. Students are taught hurdling (120 and 200 yards), walking, foot
ball (team practice, coaching), and field hockey (team practice, coaching).
(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in such wrestling, sparring, and
single stick exercises as are adapted to class work. Elementary tumbling is
taught. A sample bar bell drill is given, also advanced exercises on the heavy
(c) Aquatics. Rowing in single and double gigs, also in four-oared work-
ing boats, is taught.
Note: Persons desiring further information concerning the Physical
Course or admission as students, are invited to correspond with Dr. Luther
REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION.
1. The School is open only to Christian young men, over eighteen years
of age, who have already shown ability in the direction of the work for which
they wish to prepare. Each applicant must he a member in good standing of
an evangelical church, and if admitted, bring a certificate to this effect, and
unite and work with some church of his choice in this city within the first term
after his admission.
2. A good English education is required. College graduates will be ad-
mitted to the Middle class and can complete the course in two years.
3. All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Candi-
dates for physical training should do this before coming.
4. Business experience is considered very desirable for men entering the
5. Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the opening
of the school year (September 27), and students are expected to be present at
the opening exercises of the School.
6. If at any time a student shows a lack of the prerequisites for success
he will be dismissed.
ESTIMATE OF EXPENSES FOR THE SCHOOL YEAR OF FORTY
The following table is based upon the experience of the past five years:
Table board (with students' club). .
Furnished room with light and heat,
* Gymnasium suits, ....
Text and note books, and laboratory supplies,
Membership in local Association, .
Diploma (Senior year)
♦Students are advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming to the
School, as the School has regulation colors and suits, which all are expected to wear.
Tuition is payable promptly on the first Monday in October and February,
one-half at each payment. Room rent on last Monday in each month. No
reduction of rent will be made to a student who engages a room and fails to
appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less than a month
before the close of the school. Rent stops only when the room is vacated and
the key delivered to the janitor. A deposit of fifty cents will be required for
Each student lodging in the Dormitory will care for his own room, which
must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide sheets, pillow
slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single, three feet in width; pillows, 18x25
inches. Rooms are liable to inspection.
Sets consisting of four sheets, two pillow slips, four large linen towels, and
two large bath towels, all hemmed, can be furnished by the School for $4.00,
if ordered in advance.
RECITATIONS, PRACTICE AND EXAMINATIONS,
Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class-
room exercises each day during five days of the week; also at least two
hours' daily practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics,
athletics, laboratory work, or practical work in the Young Men's Christian
Examinations, either oral or written, are made at the option of each
Monday is the school holiday, but practice on the Gymnasium floor and on
the field will be held on Monday afternoons and omitted on Saturday
A Junior or Middler shall be eligible for promotion only after passing
satisfactorily in every branch prescribed for the year covered, and upon
approval of the president.
A senior shall be eligible for graduation only after passing satisfactorily
in every branch of the course, after presenting a thesis, and upon approval
of the faculty.
Conditions imposed in any subject must be met during the following term.
The institution is unable to offer aid to students. A small loan fund,
however, has enabled quite a number of students to complete their courses.
A number find opportunity for work in connection with the buildings.
Three to four are given teaching as assistants in the gymnasium and shop,
and a number secure positions in neighboring Associations.
Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention if addressed
to L. L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be made payable to his
order, or to H. H. Bowman, Treasurer.
To maintain the School's work on its present plane of efficiency, a yearly
income of $20,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is required. This
is divisible into 200 shares of $100 each, and an effort is now being made, with
the cordial sanction and co-operation of the Trustees, to place these shares in
the form of annual subscriptions of $100 each.
To place all of these for this year, and perhaps the next few years, may make
it necessary to ask some friends to take from two to five shares or even more ;
but the aim is to increase the number of shareholders, as speedily as possible,
to 200, and so form a Bi-Century Club of $100 supporters.
An endowment fund of $2,500 serves to place one share permanently, and
so far three have been thus placed, providing the school with $300 annually
towards its current expense fund.
BEQUEST FOR ENDOWMENT,
I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Associa-
tion Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum of
to be safely invested by them and called the
Fund. The interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the School.*
JUBILEE ENDOWMENT FUND.
By vote of the Trustees, June 9, 1899, a movement was inaugurated to
secure a $100,000 Jubilee Endowment Fund to commemorate the Jubilee of
the American work which will occur in 1901. For this purpose $10,000 has
already been placed in the hands of the trustees by a friend of the Institution.
PERPETUAL LOAN FUND.
For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass. [or
any of its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of five thousand
dollars — or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be safely
invested by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of students
who have already shown ability in the School.
THE ASSOCIATION OUTLOOK AND TRAINING SCHOOL NOTES.
This publication aims to represent the work of the School. It records
what is going on among the students and faculty. It publishes the original
work which is being done by students and faculty. Problems of interest
and importance among the associations upon which there may be light
thrown from the educational standpoint are discussed here. The general
design of the paper is to keep all those who are interested in touch with the
*Or the testator may specify towards the current expenses; or towards the support of a
chair of instruction in the General Course, or in any of the departments; or to be used as a
loan towards the education of students who have shown ability in any of the departments.
School, and to furnish such a discussion of association events, outlook, policy
and problems, as would naturally come from an educational center. The
subscription price is $1.00. The faculty co-operate in its maintenance, but
the special editorial responsibility has been placed upon Dr. Luther Gulick.
THE STUDENT ASSOCIATION.
The Student Association was organized October 17, 189(3. It has in view
the following purposes : (1) To promote the spiritual growth of the
students. (2) To encourage a spirit of Christian fellowship. (3) To provide
opportunity for definite Christian work throughout the city and neighboring
towns. (4) to establish closer relation with the Inter-Collegiate movement.
The work of the Association may be best described through its regular
The Executive Committee is made up of the general officers of the Asso-
ciation, and with the Finance Committee, looks after the business interests
of the Association.
The Committee on Religious Meetings has charge of the devotional services
of the Association, and seeks to stimulate the adoption of systematic methods
of devotional Bible study.
The Missionary Committee seeks through study of missionary literature,
and by special work, to promote interest in the Home and Foreign Missions,
and to encourage systematic giving.
The Social and Membership Committee seeks to interest new students in
the Association, and tries in every way to serve them both before and after
their arrival. Socials are frequently given during the year.
The Physical Department Committee co-operates with the faculty in
making successful the public gymnastic and athletic events of the School.
It aims to encourage a spirit of school loyalty, and endeavors to develop a
sentiment for "clean sport" among organizations with whom the School
The Inter-Collegiate Committee is engaged in establishing helpful relations
with the colleges and preparatory schools of the neighborhood.
The Outside Work Committee endeavors to provide for the students oppor-
tunities for definite aggressive Christian work, and to enable the students to
render more efficient service in the local Christian institutions.' Opportunities
for service are opened in connection with neighboring Young Men's Christian
Associations, local churches and Christian societies, conducting of Bible
classes, gospel meetings, and deputation days.
The membership fee in the Student Association is two dollars per year.
Additional expenses are met by subscriptions from friends of the students.
The president of the Association, Mr. M. W. Crawford, would be glad to
correspond with prospective students who may desire information of any kind.
ALUMNI ENGAGED IN ASSOCIATION WORK.
JUNE, J 899.
The following is an approximately correct list of students now in
the work, who have been under regular instruction in the Interna-
tional Young Men's Christian Association Training School at Spring-
field, Mass., up to and including the Class of '99.
Allen, Winfred Emery
Phys. Dir., Earlham Coll., Richmond, Ind.
Andrew, William Alexander
Gen'l Secretary, Taunton, Mass.
Archibald, Lyman Walker
Phys. Director. Hamilton, Ont.
Baldwin, Harry Anderson
Gen'l Secretary, Knoxville, Tenn.
Ball, William Henry
Phys. Director, Montreal, Que.
Banning, George Wheelock
Phys. Dir., Colgate Univ., Hamilton, N. Y.
Bartlett, Reuel Ernest
Phys. Director, Houston, Tex.
Bell, Arthur Ferguson
Gen'l Secretary, Halifax, N. S.
Black, Walter Orlando
Phys. Director, San Diego, Cal.
Phys. Director, Riverside, Cal.
Boucher, Clarence Root
Gen'l Secretary, Owensboro, Ky.
Braman, Sydney Thompson
Ass't Sec. and Educ. Dir., Orange, N. J.
Brown, Arthur White
Phys. Director, Grand Rapids, Mich.
Browne, Thomas James
Ass't Phys. Director, Cambridge, Mass.
Burkhardt, Frederic Win.
Phys. Director, Ger. Br., Buffalo, N. Y.
Buxton, Harrison Hall
Phys. Director, Orange, N. J.
Can field, James Edward
Gen'l Secretary, Frankfort, Ky.
Carey, Charles Henry
Phys. Dir. Eastern Dist. Br., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Carey, Wilhert Franklin
Gen'l Secretary. Pottsville, Pa.
Carruthers, Frederic Fayette
Gen'l Secretary, Hastings, Neb.
Chapin, Wilfred Herbert
Gen'l Secretary, Rome, N. Y.
Clapp, Carlos Duella
Phys. Director, Sioux City, la.
Cobleigh, Irving Vasa
Temp, in Office Int. Com., New York City.
Colton, Oscar Clement
Gen'l Secretary. Loraine and Elyria, 0.
Cook, John Wesley
Gen'l Secretary, Bridgeport, Ct.
Cotton, Arthur Norman
Ass't State Sec. N. Y., Rochester, N. Y.
Daum, William Fletcher
Gen'l Secretary, Passaic, N. J.
Davey, Joseph John
Secretary Boys' Dept., W. Side Br., N. Y.
Davis, Albert Berri
Phys. Director, Milford, Mass.
Davis, William Henry '92
Day, George Edward '93
Denman, William Van B. '95
Dickson, Henry David '90
Dietz, Henry Louis '94
Dodge, Charles Ernest '98
Dudley, Joseph Matthews '95
Durand, William Balch '95
Eagleson, Archibald C. '96
Edwards, James Henry '90
Exner, Max Joseph '92
Fagg, Frederic Dowe '88
Fairbanks, William Austin '94
Flindt, Albert Edward '95
Foss, Martin Isaac '99
Gabler, George Lewis, '94
Garland, Albert Ellsworth, '91
Gay, Ernest Gordon '96
Gillett, Burt Wood '87
Godtfring, Frederic Wm. '90
Goodhue, Joseph Augustus '98
Greeley, Arthur Howard '98
Greene, Sylvester Charles '88
Haskell, Claire Ellis '93
Hatch, W. L. '89
Hawkins, Lewis Everett '98
Herdman, John Robert '96
Heywood, Charles Edw. A. '98
Holman, Frank '94
Horner, Rudolph '94
Hunter, John George '98
Huntress, Louis Maynard '96
Jackson, Joseph Proctor '89
Jerome, Percy Fray '98
Jessop, William '98
Jones, Alfred Kirk '90
Karnes, Emmett Gilbert '99
Kesty, Charles E. '98
Kill am, Frank '95
Kinnicutt, William Henry, M.D., '94
Kruemling, August Wm. '88
Lantz, John '98
Lantz, Christian '94
Larrimore, Irving W. '91
Gen'l Secretary, Bridgeport, Ct.
Gen'l Secretary, Lynn, Mass.
Phys. Director, New Haven, Ct.
Gen'l Secretary 23d St. Br. New York.
Phys. Director, San Francisco, Cal.
Phys. Director, Binghamton, N. Y.
Gen'l Secretary, R. R. Br., Chicago, 111.
Phys. Director, Buffalo, N. Y.
Gen'l Secretary, Attleboro, Mass.
Gen'l Secretary, Reading, Pa.
Phys. Director, Fitchburg, Mass.
Gen'l Sec, 26th Ward Br., Brooklyn, N. Y,
Gen'l Secretary, Gloucester, Mass.
Gen'l Secretary, Chicago, 111.
Phys. Director, Bangor, Me.
Phys. Director, Bedford Br., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Phys. Director, Albany, N. Y.
Gen'l Secretary, Winchester, Mass.
Ass't State Secretary, Mass., Boston.
Gen'l Secretary, Ger. Br., Philadelphia, Pa.
Phys. Director, Bridgeport, Ct.
Gen'l Secretary, Burlington, Vt.
Gen'l Secretary, R. R. Br., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Phys. Director, Norwich, Ct.
Gen'l Secretary, Columbia, S. C.
Gen'l Secretary, New Rochelle, N. Y.
Gen'l Seretary, Gait, Ont.
Phys. Director, Plainville, N. J.
Phys. Director, London, Ont.
Trav. Secretary, German Switzerland, Basle,
Gen'l Secretary, Riverside, Cal.
|" Elmira, N. Y.
Gen'l Secretary, Dallas, Tex.
Office Int. Com., New York City.
Gen'l Secretary, Summit, N. J.
Phys. Director. Nashville, Tenn.
Secretary R. R. Branch, Gladstone, Va.
Gen'l Secretary, Steelton. Pa.
Phys. Director, Brockton, Mass.
Phys. Director, Cleveland. O.
Gen'l Secretary, So. Side Br., St. Louis, Mo.
Gen'l Secretary, Whitman, Mass.
Gen'l Sec, Greenpoint Br., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Phys. Director, Denver, Colo.
Loeher, William Walter
Lotze, William George
Lovejoy, Bertram Eugene
Limbeck, Arthur William
Marshall, Fraser Grant
Martin, Charles Alvin
Martin, Rufus Jonathan
Mason, Lucius Julius
Maylott, Worthy Francis
McCurdy, James Huff
McGown, Chester Stowe
MacKay, Angus Murdock
McKee, William Charles
Merrill, Frank Herbert
Merritt, Joseph Elbridge
Messer, Louis Adolphus
Mogge, Ernest Lewis
Monroe, Edwin DeWitt
Moyer, Elkanah Dewilla
Murray, Murdock Kenzie
Nason. Samuel Kelsey
Page, Pierson Sterling, M. D.,
Parker, Anson Lindsley
Patton, Thomas Duncan
Pollard, David Wright
Poole, George F., M. D.
Powlison, Charles Ford
Powter, Charles Barrett
Pratt, Frank Magee
Price, Charles Herbert
Rideout, Melvin Bragdon
Ridgeway, John William
Rogers, Dwight Lette
Randall, Ernest Grant
Ross, Robert Stuart
Ruggles, Edward Paekenhain
Sanders, N. E.
Seerley, Frank Newell
Sherrill, John Hall
Simons, Eltham Leslie
Smith, Aurelius Blanchard
Smith, Harvey Leigh
Smith, John Peter
'90 Gen'l Secretary, New Castle, Pa.
'88 Gen'l Secretary, New Haven, Ct.
'96 Gen'l Secretary, Melrose, Mass.
'91 Gen'l Secretary, Morristown, N. J.
'93 Gen'l Secretary, Charlotte, N. C.
'90 Prov. Sec, Mar. Prov., New Glasgow, N. S.
'95 Gen'l Secretary, Tompkinsville, N. Y.
'94 Phys. Director, Glens Falls, N. Y.
'96 Phys. Director, R. R. Br., New York City.
'95 Gen'l Secretary, Keene, N. H.
'91 Inst. Y. M. C. A. Training School.
'95 Gen'l Secretary, Amesbury, Mass.
'89 Gen'l Secretary, Hamilton, Ont.
'91 Gen'l Secretary, Wilkesbarre, Pa.
'95 Gen'l Secretary, Montpelier, Vt.
'99 Phys. Dir. Prospect Park Br., Brooklyn, N. Y.
'96 ' Phys. Director, Tacoma, Wash,
'95 Gen'l Secretary, Geneva, N. Y,
'96 Ass't Secretary, New Haven, Ct.
'95 Gen'l Secretary, Easton, Pa.
'90 Gen'l Secretary, Bath, Me.
'00 Ass't Phys. Director, Gloucester, Mass.
'94 Phys. Director, Springfield, Mass.
'90 Gen'l Secretary, Detroit, Mich.
'92 Gen'l Secretary, Winnipeg, Man.
'96 Gen'l Secretary, Rome, Italy.
'94 Phys. Director, Pawtucket, R. I.
'87 Phys. Director, 23d St. Br., New York City.
'89 Special West Side Br., New York.
'96 Ass't Phys. Director, Montreal, Can.
'87 Gen'l Secretary, Toronto, Ont.
'96 Phys. Dir., Military Acad., Montclair, N. J.
'93 Phys. Director, Washington, D. C.
'90 Gen'l Secretary, Brockville, Ont.
'94 Ass't State Secretary, Boston, Mass.
'98 Ass't State Secretary, Boston, Mass.
'98 Gen'l Secretary, Waterbury, Ct.
'94 Phys. Director, Portland, Me.
'95 Phys. Director, Charlestown, Mass.
'97 Ass't Phys. Director, Boston, Mass.
'90 Inst. Y. M. C. A. Training School.
'99 Gen'l Secretary, Petersburg, Va.
'99 Phys. Director, Waterbury, Ct.
'96 Gen'l Secretary, R. R. Br., Elsdon, 111.
'90 Phys. Director, Concord, N. H.
'93 Phys. Director, Galveston, Tex.
'91 Gen'l Secretary, San Diego, Cal.
Spence, Donald McKay '92
Stephens, Duncan Calder '94
Stockwell, Albert Pike '92
Stokes, Alfred '98
Stratton, Arthur Talmadge '88
Symonds, William H. '87
Teague, Frank William '89
Theis, Paul '91
Thompson, Hugh Currie '89
Tibbetts, Arthur Ta-sun-ke-roani '98
Triplett, Edward Mason '94
Vinson, James '92
Von Starck, Waldemar '90
Welzmiller, Louis, Jr., M. D., '94
Winslow, George Henry '91
Withrow, John G. '90
Wittwer, Carl Edward '89
Worth, Elbridge Morseman '94
Wyman, William Hutchinson '89
Gen'l Secretary, Lawrence, Mass.
Gen'l Secretary, Lansingburgh, N. Y.
Gen'l Secretary, Calcutta, India.
Gen'l Secretary, Yarmouth, N. S.
Gen'l Secretary, Pawtucket, R. I.,
Ass't Prov. Secretary, Ontario and Quebec.
Gen'l Secretary, Portsmouth, N. H.
Gen'l Secretary, Paris, France.
Phys. Director, Morristown, N. J.
Fort Yates, N. Dak.
Ass't Secretary, Burlington, la.
Gen'l Secretary, Birmingham, Ala.
Gen'l Secretary, Breslau, Germany.
Phys. Director, West Side Br., New York.
R. R. Secretary, Kansas City, Mo.
Gen'l Secretary, Rahway, N. J.
Gen'l Secretary, German Br., Buffalo, N. Y.
Gen'l Secretary, Bristol, R. I.
Gen'l Secretary. Chelsea, Mass.
THIS MONTHLY (TEN NUM-
BERS PER TEAR) CONTAINS
1. Original studies on the religious life and
nature of young men and on various
aspects of Association Work.
2. News about the Training School and its
It aims at giving that which cannot be found elsewhere,
that which is of little or no interest to the general reader,
that which is fundamental to all who wish to be acquainted
with the deeper and newer thoughts concerning Association
Work or the religious life of young men.
The subscription price is one dollar per year (ten num-
bers). Published by the International Association Training
LUTHER GULICK, Editor
COLLEGE PROSPECTUSES, ANNUALS
AND CLASS HISTORIES TASTEFULLY
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